In Australia, obesity is on the rise as is the associated risk for a person to develop long term chronic conditions such as cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure and Type 2 diabetes. With obesity now classified as a disease by the American Medical Association, close to 15,000 people opted for bariatric surgery last year in an endeavour to better manage their weight and health.
Bariatric surgery, also known as weight loss surgery or metabolic surgery, is recognised by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) as the most effective treatment available for those with morbid obesity, i.e. those with a Body Mass Index (BMI) > 40 and for those who have weight-related co-morbidities at a BMI between 35 and 40.
The most common bariatric procedures performed in Australia are Sleeve Gastrectomy, Adjustable Gastric Banding and Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass, with a small number of Biliopancreatic diversions (BPD) also performed.